Care, History & Information

History Of The Samoyed


Samoyeds take their breed name from the Samoyede tribes people of Siberia. The name was originally spelt Samoyede. The "e" was dropped by the UK Kennel club in 1923 followed by the American Kennel club in 1947. Samoyeds originally came from Northwest Russia & western Siberia. The Samoyed word translates as "living off themselves", as the samoyede tribes would do. The correct pronunciation of the name is sammy-yed OR sam-yed as there was no "oy" in the native language, although now the breed is commonly pronounced Sam-oid.

The breed was originally used to be sled dogs, herd reindeer, be watchdogs and friendly companions. The dogs would lay next to the samoyede people especially children during the night to keep them warm. When they shed their coats the samoyede people would make clothing for themselves to keep warm, some people still do spin the fur now to make little keep sakes {like the little flower in the photo above} or clothing items.​

Caring for your Samoyed

Coat & Grooming


The Samoyed is a double coated breed. They have a thick woolly coat underneath for warmth, then a more harsh longer "guard" coat on  the outside. Females tend to drop their coat twice a year usually a few weeks after they had their season, most males shed their coat once a year. The moulting period usually lasts around 2-3 weeks, it can be overwhelming just how much coat they do lose as it comes away in clumps. The photo below far right shows Jynx & her mountain of fur that has been groomed out in just one 20 minute session during her coat shedding season...

A Samoyed's coat needs quite a lot of maintenance and attention. They need to be groomed a minimum of 3 times per week when not moulting & more if losing coat to avoid knots occurring. It is best to comb and brush as often as possible; the more you groom the less of a major effort it is to keep their coats in pristine condition.

The coat is often referred to as "weather proof & self cleaning" i agree with this to a point. For example if they decide to run through the muddiest puddle they can find on their daily walk don't fear! Once dried, the mud will drop off and any mud remaining can be brushed out, leaving their coat relatively clean. If they did this day in day out though, the mud may begin to stain the outer coat. 

A fine & wide tooth comb along with a standard pin brush {picture below in the centre} is all that is needed to keep the coat in good condition. 

When a samoyeds coat is in excellent condition and looked after correctly they are just magnificent to look at. With the silver glistening on the tips of their coats when out in the sunshine, they are simply stunning.

Sammys do NOT need a bath too often, the coat will stay clean and tidy as long as the grooming is kept up. 

Bathing too much can dry out their skin, making them have possible skin problems, which can be common in the breed to have sensitive skin problems. When they do have a bath, the hardest part has got to be the drying. You need to ensure they are 100% dry to prevent them getting hot-spots {sore patches} which they tend to then lick & irritate more. When drying, you will need to make sure you groom whilst drying to prevent knots and clumps to the under coat. Around the ears, under the legs & tail usually knot easier than the rest of the coat so these parts need double checking to make sure they are completely dried through.

Do NOT shave or clip your Samoyed unless for a medical reason as their coat doesn't just keep them warm in the snow it protects them from the sun too.

If you keep the coat in perfect condition the fur stands up letting the coat/skin breathe due to air being able to flow through. The diagram below can give you a better idea of how their coats "breathe".

Exercise & Feeding


Samoyeds have a lot of energy to burn and do need quite a lot of exercise daily. Walking them 2  hours minimum roughly per day is recommended. Also plenty of play time to occupy their brain as they do have a tendency to destroy and chew house hold items and furniture if they become bored wth no activities to occupy them.​

Everyone has their own opinion of what to feed any animal. I do believe that finding the best quality food you can afford is the best way to go rather than feeding them anything you can find easily in your local supermarket. Some people feed raw, others kibble, others just meat products alone or mixed with kibble. It is all personal opinion. But using good quality food is always best whatever the food maybe. I personally make my dogs homemade food. One of my Samoyeds has a sensitive stomach & can not be given too rich of food. After trying so many different foods my sams have now settled & are thriving on my homemade dog food. Which consists of a wide variety of meat, fish, vegetable, natural dairy & eggs. They do also have natural additives to such as coconut oil.

Throughout the day they love a treat, varied from dried chicken necks to pig snouts. It’s best to research different brands of food & what options there are before going ahead & buying the 1st brand you come across. There a lot of foods out there that are unhealthy & full of additives.

Your puppies breeder should always be able to advise you with what is best to feed your Samoyed on, also giving you a bag of food that the pups have been weaned on to, when the puppies leave them to go to their forever homes with you.

Temperment & Training


​Well to be honest the temperament for Samoyeds are stunning! 

They are friendly by nature to dogs and people. 

They do not like to be left alone for along periods of time as they are a pack breed they prefer to be around their humans and other dogs, & tend to succumb to destruction through boredom if left for long periods of time with no brain stimulating activity to occupy them.

They crave affection & try their very best to please their humans. They are very intelligent, but can be extremely stubborn, having a tendency of losing their hearing when they decide they would like to play a little longer rather than coming when called. So training is extremely important for call back to making sure your Sammy will be safe if playing off lead.

Be aware that Samoyeds are a vocal dog. Even a well trained sammy can be yapper. They have quite a high pitch yap rather than a bark but they are not aggressive when they do this like some breeds can be; it may be due to boredom, trying to tell you something such as toilet time or just because they are getting over excited. There are obviously exceptions & you may end up with a quite lovely sammy which is great but honestly the samoyeds are known for their smiley face and noisy yap so don't be expecting a quiet sammy in at all.

For training they learn very quickly as they love to please their owners, BUT it can be a difficult challenge to train them. Starting from day one is always the best way as once they have learnt they can do something as a puppy don't expect them not to do something as an adult too that you then find annoying. Samoyeds are puppies at heart whether they are one month old or ten years old. 

Making the puppy learn that you are the pack leader is my way of how to learn a puppy that what you say goes, everyone has their own ways of training so best to do your research on the breed & techniques of training.

Training takes quite a lot of patience! Shouting or smacking a samoyed does NOT work so please read up or get advice about training if your unsure of anything. 

Use treats and praise ALOT when the pup has done a correct command also use a command word. E.g. For them to sit - kneel on the floor with your puppy, hold a treat close to their nose so they are able to smell it & move the treat backwards towards the puppies forehead; the pup will follow the treat and begin to sit down. Once the puppy has sat down {they wont know what they have done} say the command word "sit", give the treat instantly & praise, praise, praise.... Keep repeating throughout each day and puppy will catch on quickly what your asking of him. Do not train for too long as puppies tire quickly so keep training short, being 5 or so minutes at a time.